Possession of Land


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The recent decision of the High Court of St.

In the Ferdinand James case, Mr. Ferdinand James applied to the High Court and obtained a declaration of title in his favour. That is, that he is the registered owner of all that parcel of land registered in the Land Registry of St. Lucia as Block B Parcel No. At the time Planviron was registered as proprietor with absolute title to the said Parcel No.

Not surprisingly, Planviron subsequently filed an application to set aside the order of the High Court declaring title to Mr. Planviron argued that the proceedings were not instituted in accordance with the Land Registration Act of St. It is important to note that when one applies to the court for a declaration of title, one must do so in accordance with The Rules which stipulates that the Applicant must file a Petition, Affidavits and other supporting documents at the High Court of St.

The said Petition is heard by a Judge of the High Court. On the other hand, a person who applies under the LRA applies to the Registrar of lands not for a declaration of title but to be registered as proprietor of the land.


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The question of whether The Rules which was promulgated in was impliedly repealed by the LRA which came into force in became the issue for determination in the Ferdinand James Case. If yes, then the declaration of title to Ferdinand James is null and void as The Rules for the said declaration as of was no longer in force.

Smith J in his reasoning held that The Rules was repugnant with the LRA for the following reasons and was impliedly repealed:. For a legislation to be impliedly repealed the provisions of the later Act must be so inconsistent or repugnant to the provisions of the earlier Act that the two cannot stand together See Church and Overseers of West Ham v Fourth City Mutual Building Society [] 1 Q. Therefore, the Applicant has a choice. The only rules of the court regarding an application for prescription is The Rules.

A claim for adverse possession or a prescriptive easement may only be made against a private party. Claimants may not obtain property through adverse possession against real property owned by a governmental entity. The required elements of an adverse possession claim are that the possession must be actual, adverse, hostile, under a claim of right, exclusive, and uninterrupted for the statutory period. The act of adverse possession does not in itself transfer fee ownership or record ownership of the real property; it merely gives rise to a claim for fee ownership of the real property to the adverse claimant.

To obtain fee title and record title to the real property, the adverse claimant must prevail in a quiet title lawsuit against the record owner. A court decree in favor of the adverse claimant when recorded establishes record title in the real property.

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A party may also obtain an easement interest in real property if the following three elements of prescription are met:. Land Title does not insure easements by prescription. However, as in an adverse possession claim, a claimant may obtain an easement interest in the real property through a quiet title action, which may be insurable as described below. Once a decree of quiet title has been obtained by the claimant as to either adverse possession or a prescriptive easement, the marketability of the newly obtained property remains an issue due to the possibility of an appeal of the decree by the losing party.

As such, a title company will not insure the property obtained by the judicial decree for at least 6 months from the time the decree is recorded, provided that no appeals have been initiated to set aside or to otherwise impair the effect or validity of the decree. We will deliver the confirmed rate quote via email within 4 business hours.

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  • Home Articles Uncategorized Adverse Possession. February 22, Adverse Possession Methods of transferring real estate The typical method of transferring real estate from one party to another is by deed. Claim of adverse possession A possession of the real property may give rise to a claim of adverse possession when the claimant has been in actual possession of the property, and when possession is adverse, hostile, exclusive, and uninterrupted for the statutory period.

    Two categories of acquisition Adverse possessory rights fall under two categories: adverse possession and easements by prescription. Elements of adverse possession The required elements of an adverse possession claim are that the possession must be actual, adverse, hostile, under a claim of right, exclusive, and uninterrupted for the statutory period. Actual possession.

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    Supreme Court

    For a claim to be successful in both registered and unregistered land, the squatter must demonstrate that they were in factual possession for the requisite period of time and that they had the intention to possess. In Mrs Thorpe acquired a property, known as Number 9, which was a semi-detached bungalow with an open forecourt.

    The neighbouring bungalow Number 8 was very similar, also with a forecourt outside the front. In Mrs Thorpe instructed her son to level and repave the triangle shaped forecourt forming part of number 8. Since Mrs Thorpe power washed the forecourt, and from time to time, cleared the area of weeds and litter. In , Number 8 was purchased by Mr and Mrs Frank who then became the new registered owners. Within a year of the Franks moving in, Mrs Thorpe had erected a fence around the forecourt which her son paved.

    She subsequently applied to become the registered owner of this area, claiming that her interest had been obtained through adverse possession.

    Possession | property law | fyjuqixekazo.ga

    Mrs Thorpe appealed. In the Court of Appeal, Mr and Mrs Frank agreed that Mrs Thorpe may have had the relevant intention to possess the forecourt, but they contended that when she repaved the land, she was temporarily trespassing. They also went on to highlight how Mrs Thorpe had previously given evidence to suggest that the forecourt was not, in fact, in her control until the fence was erected in The court considered this argument, but acknowledged how making physical changes to a piece of land has been held to be significant in establishing whether adverse possession had occurred.

    Therefore the repaving of this area with a permanent surface clearly showed that Mrs Thorpe intended to own the land, and not just exercise temporary control over it. Although the usual method of fencing land to acquire it through adverse possession is an obvious one, it is not a requirement. The land, in this case, had always been open plan, and because of its location in front of two houses in a cul-de-sac, it was subject to convents that may have prevented it from being built upon.

    Therefore, repaving the land was the most effective method of showing intention to possess by Mrs Thorpe. Although this case was fact specific, it has demonstrated how laying paving over an area of land can be sufficient to establish factual possession. What might appear at first to be a temporary trespass could in fact result in possession being acquired over the land in question. As to whether an act will be sufficient to demonstrate the necessary requirements of adverse possession, will require consideration of the nature of the land and the manner in which it is used.

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